Raymond Towers "Ray" Holmes (20 August 1914 – 27 June 2005) was a British [oyal Air Force fighter pilot during the Second World War. Holmes is best known for his notable act of bravery, while taking part in the Battle of Britain. On 15 September, 1940, Holmes saved Buckingham Palace from being bombed by German bombing, when he used his Hawker Hurricane to destroy a Dornier Do-17 bomber over London by ramming but at the loss of his own aircraft (and almost his own life) in one of the defining moments of the Battle of Britain. He was feted by the press as a war hero for his saving of Buckingham Palace. The British pilot became a King's Messenger after the war, and died at the age of 90 in 2005.
As the RAF did not practice ramming as an air combat tactic, this was considered an impromptu manoeuvre, and an act of selfless courage.